India has always been a land who welcomes monsoon with joy and sign of prosperity. Moreover, people always enjoy monsoon as a relief from the heat. In the same way, farmers keep looking for the rains to come at the right time. Not only this, we also have festivals just to honor the sprinkles. However, lately the season is changing into more of havoc more than blessing with unwanted floods emerging in many parts of India. The most worrisome point is that, these floods might turn into our “new normal”.
Anyone who thinks that sunshine is pure happiness, has never really danced in rain.
Not only the monsoon season, but also the rising sea level might also be one contributing factor. Altogether, no single factor is responsible; we will be discussing some of them here. With changing climate patterns, deforestation and melting glaciers, each act counts
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Analyzing the Facts
Quoting UN’s disaster management, India’s floods rose to 90 in 2006-15, while during 1996-05, it was just 67. This is turning into more of a global issue. Globally, floods have risen by 7% during periods to 2006-15.
Also Read: Urban Flooding.
The uneven rainfall
In general, India receives 35cm of rain every year. This is a very complex to understand working and even dangerous to have slightest shift occur. In simple words, slightest change in the ecosystem can have drastic results in rainfall patterns. Moreover, with rapid climate change both globally and internally, we are seeing results. Thus, an uneven pattern of monsoon and rainfall is major contributor for rising level.
For instance, the late arrival of last years’ monsoon almost caused a draught. On one hand, there were light sprinkles of rain during June. On the other hand, by July 11 states were flooded with heavy rainfall, taking 1,200 lives and displacing millions.
Moreover, we observed same disturbed pattern this year. There were heavy rainfalls since the May, which is quite early for monsoon. However, during July, there was a dry spell and again in August, there were heavy rainfalls all over. This has currently caused floods I areas like Delhi and landslides in regions of mountains. Earlier this year, we had a drastic Kerala flood, affecting millions of lives.
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Rapid glacier meltdown
It is not a hidden fact in 2020 that our glaciers are melting down rapidly. If we talk about the Himalayas, it has rapidly been melting at more than twice the rate, for the last decade. The main cause is warmer temperatures which are speeding up their meltdown speeding up meltdown.
As a result, more lakes and rivers are emerging. Moreover, the sea level is rising, exposing India more than before. Approximately, India’s GDP of around 14.3 billion is at risk with river flooding (Analysis of 2017). With all this happening in the current scenario, the sudden amount of increase is causing more precipitation levels and unexpected floods.
For instance, Kedarnath flooded in 2013 by similar glacial lake outbursts followed by heavy rain. This in result caused heavy floods and landslides, shaking the whole system. Unfortunately, it killed more than 4,000 people and destroying the pilgrimage. Furthermore, this disaster caused economic losses of more than $3.8 billion.
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Unplanned urbanization is one of the underestimated and most critical issues for the floods. With the increasing population, humans are spreading the lands to live. While planning a city, many things are important, as the drainage system. It helps to tackle problems like floods or earthquakes in advance.
In addition, the poor choice of lands for these constructions is another reason for alarming floods in urban areas. In addition, constructions have increased on areas like flood plains and low lands of the city. It is mostly because these areas have a cheaper land rate. Cities like these are flooded during the downpour season, with no well-structured drainage system to handle it. Even cities like Gurugram are an example of the unplanned urbanization.
This year’s current flood in Delhi is the perfect example of how dangerous floods can result with unplanned urbanization.
Also Read: Deforestion causing the apocylapse.
I am a 20 year old enthusiast about many different things currently pursuing B.Tech 3rd Year. I love greenry, nature, animals and definitely food. Additionaly, I also have interest in technology in technical stuff like IoT, Artificial Intelligence , etc.